Composition Scheme is a simple and easy scheme under GST for taxpayers. Small taxpayers can get rid of tedious GST formalities and pay GST at a fixed rate of turnover. This scheme can be opted by any taxpayer whose turnover is less than Rs. 1.5 crore.
A taxpayer whose turnover is below Rs 1.5 crore can opt for Composition Scheme. In case of North-Eastern states and Himachal Pradesh, the limit is now Rs 75 lakh. As per the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, a composition dealer can also supply services to an extent of ten percent of turnover, or Rs.5 lakhs, whichever is higher. This amendment will be applicable from the 1st of Feb, 2019. Further, GST Council in its 32nd meeting proposed an increase to this limit for service providers on 10th Jan 2019. Turnover of all businesses registered with the same PAN should be taken into consideration to calculate turnover.
The following people cannot opt for the scheme-
- Manufacturer of ice cream, pan masala, or tobacco
- A person making inter-state supplies
- A casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person
- Businesses which supply goods through an e-commerce operator
- No Input Tax Credit can be claimed by a dealer opting for composition scheme
- The dealer cannot supply goods not taxable under GST such as alcohol.
- The taxpayer has to pay tax at normal rates for transactions under the Reverse Charge Mechanism
- If a taxable person has different segments of businesses (such as textile, electronic accessories, groceries, etc.) under the same PAN, they must register all such businesses under the scheme collectively or opt out of the scheme.
- The taxpayer has to mention the words ‘composition taxable person’ on every notice or signboard displayed prominently at their place of business.
- The taxpayer has to mention the words ‘composition taxable person’ on every bill of supply issued by him.
- As per the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, a manufacturer or trader can now also supply services to an extent of ten percent of turnover, or Rs.5 lakhs, whichever is higher. This amendment will be applicable from the 1st of Feb, 2019.
To opt for composition scheme a taxpayer has to file GST CMP-02 with the government. This can be done online by logging into the GST Portal. This intimation should be given at the beginning of every Financial Year by a dealer wanting to opt for Composition Scheme.
A composition dealer cannot issue a tax invoice. This is because a composition dealer cannot charge tax from their customers. They need to pay tax out of their own pocket. Hence, the dealer has to issue a bill of supply. The dealer should also mention “composition taxable person, not eligible to collect tax on supplies” at the top of the Bill of Supply.
GST Payment has to be made out of pocket for the supplies made. The GST payment to be made by a composition dealer comprises of the following:
- GST on supplies made.
- Tax on reverse charge
- Tax on purchase from an unregistered dealer*
- Lesser compliance (returns, maintaining books of record, issuance of invoices)
- Limited tax liability
- High liquidity as taxes are at a lower rate
- A limited territory of business. The dealer is barred from carrying out inter-state transactions
- No Input Tax Credit available to composition dealers
- The taxpayer will not be eligible to supply non-taxable goods under GST such as alcohol and goods through an e-commerce portal.